The tabasco pepper is a variety of chili pepper species Capsicum frutescens. It is best known through its use in Tabasco sauce, followed by peppered vinegar.
Like all C. frutescens cultivars, the tabasco plant has a typical bushy growth, which commercial cultivation makes stronger by trimming the plants. The tapered fruits, around 4 cm long, are initially pale yellowish-green and turn yellow and orange before ripening to bright red. Tabascos rate from 30,000 to 50,000 on the Scoville scale of heat levels, and are the only variety of chili pepper whose fruits are "juicy"; i.e., they are not dry on the inside. Tabasco fruits, like all other members of the C. frutescens species remain upright when mature, rather than hanging down from their stems.
The peppers are named after the Mexican state of Tabasco. The initial letter of tabasco is rendered in lowercase when referring to the botanical variety, but is capitalized when referring to the Mexican state or the brand of hot sauce, Tabasco sauce.
It takes approximately 80 days after germinating for peppers to become fully mature. The tabasco plant can grow to 60" tall, with a cream or light yellow flower that will develop into upward oriented fruits later in the growing season. As they are native to the Mexican state of Tabasco, seeds require lots of warmth to germinate and grow best when the temperature is between 80–85 degrees F.
Peppers are temperamental when it comes to setting fruit if temperatures are too hot or too cool and even if nighttime temperatures fall below 60 °F it can reduce fruit set.
A location that receives plenty of light and heat, with soil that is fertile, lightweight, slightly acidic (pH 5.5–7.0) and well-drained is ideal for growing the plants. Peppers need a steady supply of water for best performance. Growers are careful to make sure that fertilizers and soil are rich in phosphorus, potassium and calcium and reduced in nitrogen as it can deter fruit growth.
In frost-free areas, plants can live for several years. Easy to grow, the compact Tabasco is also a good choice for containers.
Tabasco pepper - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://bit.ly/1xAZd8J
Tabasco Hot Pepper - Peppers - Vegetables - Bonnie plants http://bit.ly/1xAZgBz
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