An interesting example of a Hawaii heirloom is the 'Anahu' tomato, named for Bill Anahu, killed serving as a fighter pilot in World War II. Developed in the 1950s from a cross between a wild tomato species and a cultivated tomato, 'Anahu' has tolerance or resistance to many pests and low nitrogen conditions. 'Anahu' continues to be used as a parent in tomato breeding programs worldwide.
This is a very productive determinate variety that produces 5-8 oz., round, uniform ripening, red fruit with very sweet flavor. A good choice for hot and humid climates. Resistant to the common root knot nematode, fusarium wilt, gray leaf spot and one strain of spotted wilt virus. It is also tolerant to tobacco mosaic virus.
Tomato cultivars developed by UH-CTAHR horticulturists include the hybrids ‘N-5’, ‘N-52’, ‘N-63’, and ‘N-65’ and the open-pollinated cultivars ‘Anahu’, ‘Healani’, and ‘Kewalo’. The three nonhybrid
cultivars are determinate—they grow to a certain height and then stop, and they tend to flower and set fruit within a relatively short period of time. Anahu tomato was the first root knot nematode resistant variety. Kewalo tomato is considered the most important home garden variety due to bacterial wilt resistance combined with earliness.
Select non-hybrid, heirloom and farmer developed vegetable varieties available from the UH Seed Program (CTAHR). Please visit their website for a complete list.
- Tomato ‘Anahu’ 1955 Medium sized salad tomato, developed for disease resistance
- Tomato‘Kewalo’ 1974 Selected from ‘Anahu’ for earliness and flavor.
- Lettuce ‘Manoa’ 1969 A Hawaiian selection of ‘Green Mignonette’
- Lettuce ‘Anuenue’ 1952 Selected for resistance to tipburn and heat.
- Eggplant ‘Nitta’ 1968 Vigorous, widely grown.
- Eggplant ‘Molokai’ 1968 Farmer variety from Molokai.
- Eggplant ‘Waimanalo Long’ 1978 A UH selection from ‘Molokai’
- Kai choi ‘Waianae’ 1968 A heat tolerant selection of locally grown mustard cabbage.
- ‘Hirayama’ 2000 White rust tolerant, heading type, named for the grower who selected it.
- Basil ‘UH’ 1995 Fusarium resistant, fragrant ‘Genovese’ type.
- Pepper ‘Waialua’ 1996 Light green, bacterial wilt resistant jalapeno‐type. Approximately 25,000 Scoville heat units (SHU).
- Pepper ‘Ka’ala’ 1998 Small, 3‐lobed bell pepper for the home garden.
- Pepper ‘Hawaiian’ ‐‐ Traditonal local variety of C. frutescens. Fruits are very hot, 200,000 SHU.
- Onion ‘Koba’ 1995 Green onion (A. fistolosum) originally from China, named for grower who preserved the variety. Popular commercial variety.
- Onion ‘Awahia’ 1960 Pungent, light purple onion developed for Hawaii conditons to retain flavor after cooking. Selected from ‘Red Creole.’
- Corn ‘Supersweet #9’ 1977 Popular open‐pollinated, disease resistant tropical sweetcorn (Yellow).
- Beans and Pea ‘Poamoho’ 1980 A more tender, stringless selection of ‘Manoa Wonder.’
- ‘Manoa Wonder’ 1969 A flat podded pole‐bean, nematode resistant, derived from ‘Lualualei.’
- ‘Manoa Sugar’ 1957 Edible podded Chinese pea, has heat and disease (incl. powdery mildew) resistance.
- ‘Kahala’ 1968 Edamame soybean selected for good flavor, nematode resistant.
Top tomatoes for isle gardens
Home garden beans
Agricultural Diagnostic Service Center - Seed Program http://bit.ly/1CbC16K
Home Garden Tomato http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/oc/freepubs/pdf/HGV-5.pdf
Honolulu Star-Bulletin Features http://bit.ly/1CbDNVs
Hawaiʻi Public Seed Initiative | Presentations | A program of The Kohala Center http://bit.ly/1CbEeiO
Overview of crop improvement projects in Hawaii (PDF, 1982) http://buff.ly/1ZyEH7r
Selecting tomatoes for the home garden in Hawaii (PDF) http://buff.ly/1LiBAad