LSU Champagne Fig Tree

LSU Champagne Fig is a hybrid releases from the Louisiana State University (LSU) agricultural program. It is a cross between 'Celeste' (female) and C1 (male) which is a Capri fig from California.

LSU Champagne produces small fruit with yellow to green skin and golden flesh. It's a green fig, just like Ischia, Kadota, etc.

Champagne has a slightly rounded end that tapers towards the stem and a short neck. The eye is partially closed on mature fruit.

Where to buy: https://www.gurneys.com/product/fig-champagne-fig

LSU fig breeding program has been very productive over the years, since 1950's. “Figs are fun to grow and collect. You can grow them in 5-gallon or 10-gallon pots and put many different varieties in a backyard.” The LSU AgCenter revived O’Rourke’s research in 1990 and began releasing new varieties. “Since then, we’ve released LSU Purple, LSU Gold, Tiger, Champagne and O’Rourke, which we named after Ed,” Johnson said. Read more here: https://www.lsuagcenter.com/portals/communications/news/news_archive/2015/june/headline_news/figs-remain-popular-louisiana-fruit

References:

https://www.figdatabase.com/variety-details/660/lsu-champagne
PDF article

Wampee (Clausena lansium) fruit tree

Clausena lansium, known as wampee or wampi, from the Chinese word for yellow skinned fruit. It is a species of strongly scented evergreen trees 3–8 m tall, in the family Rutaceae, native to southeast Asia.

Its leaves are smooth and dark green. White flowers appear in late March. The fruit is oval, about 3 cm long and 2 cm in diameter, and contains two to five seeds that occupy ~40-50% of the fruit volume. The tree reaches a maximum height of 20 meters. It grows well in tropical or subtropical conditions, and is susceptible to cold. Wampee trees grow well in a wide range of soils.

The wampee is cultivated for its fruit, which is a grape sized, fragrant citrus. Its skin and seeds are often eaten along side the pulp, much like kumquat. Apparently, wampees grow quickly and produce from their first year.

Let's hope citrus greening disease does not affect wampee in South Florida.

Where to buy: https://www.ebay.com/itm/303115536225

References:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clausena_lansium
https://urbantropicals.com/product-category/fruit-trees/
https://www.fairchildgarden.org/Portals/0/docs/CTPC/Javier/OCASSIONAL_PAPERS/Occasional_Paper_No_19.pdf

Red jaboticaba (Plinia cauliflora x aureana) is called "Precocious" because it can fruit in 3-4 years

Red jaboticaba, Plinia cauliflora x aureana, fruit tree is a seedling hybrid, also called Precocious Jaboticaba. This makes for a very fast fruiting plant. Can fruit in 3-4 years, as opposed to 6-8 years for regular jaboticaba. Great tasting and dwarfing habit.

Where to buy: https://www.ebay.com/itm/302476125938

Plinia cauliflora, the Brazilian grapetree,jaboticaba, is a fruit tree in the family Myrtaceae, native to Minas Gerais, Goiás and São Paulo states in Brazil. The tree is known for its white-pulped fruits which grow directly on the trunk.

References:

PDF
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jabuticaba
https://www.pepesplants.com/jaboticaba.html 

Dwarf Puerto Rican Plantain

Dwarf Puerto Rican Plantain is a dwarf mutant plantain. The majority of plantains grow tall, but not this one. Resistant to Panama Disease.

Where to buy:

https://wellspringgardens.com/collections/bananas/products/dwarf-puerto-rican-plantain-musa

References:

http://www.bananas.org/wiki/Musa_Dwarf_Puerto_Rican

Musa FHIA-3 Sweetheart Banana


The FHIA is a federal organization of the Honduras Government that has been breeding bananas for decades, hence the name of this cultivar: Musa FHIA-3 Sweetheart banana.

The first widely available cultivar by FHIA was  Musa hybrid FHIA-1 'Goldfinger'. Musa hybrid FHIA-3 'Sweetheart' was bred and selected for increased disease resistance and yield vs FHIA-1.

It has an excellent flavor and good size which make it attractive to the home gardener. It has also been described as similar as 'Goldfinger' or 'Orinoco'.

It is very tolerant of sub-standard growing conditions, especially poor quality soils. The fruit ripen very quickly after picking so they should be left on the stalk until almost needed. Just harvest one hand at a time. It has a reputation for drought and wind resistance.

Where to buy:

https://wellspringgardens.com/products/sweetheart-banana

References:

http://www.bananas.org/wiki/Musa_FHIA-3_Sweetheart

Kadota (Florentine) Fig

This is a very old variety, described in later 1880's, how about that?

It's a green fig, just like Ischia, LSU Champagne, etc.

Kadota (Florentine) cultivar produces a medium-large, yellow fruit with an open ostiole that is partially sealed with a honey-like substance.

Fruit quality declines with extremely wet weather.

Although Kadota figs can be eaten fresh, they are better suited for canning and preserves. Fruit ripen in July, same as Celeste fig.

Where to buy:

https://wellspringgardens.com/collections/figs/products/kadota-fig

References:

https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg214
https://www.tytyga.com/Kadota-Fig-p/frufig-kadota.htm
https://ucanr.edu/blogs/blogcore/postdetail.cfm?postnum=25443
https://www.figdatabase.com/variety-details/212/kadota

Celeste Fig, also called Blue Celeste, Celestial, and Little Brown Sugar

Celeste (Blue Celeste, Celestial, and Little Brown Sugar) cultivar is probably the second most common fig in the southeastern United States, after Brown Turkey (Brunswick, Eastern Brown Turkey, Har­rison, Lees Perpetual, Ramsey, Texas Everbearing).

It's a small fig.

Celeste is almost as widely grown as Brown Turkey. Of the old standards, it is considered to be the best tasting and very good to excellent. Celeste has a tightly closed "eye," making it resistant to dried fruit beetle and rain entry, which can cause fruit to sour. Will drop unripe fruit in hot weather, but it is so outstanding in overall quality that it is worth some loss. Fortunately, Celeste ripens well before most other figs, allowing harvest before the worst heat.

This is the most popular cultivar in southern Louisiana and grows well in Florida. It is a very dependable producer of high quality, small to medium sized figs even in unfavorable/wet weather due to its small, tightly closed eye. The very sweet flesh has a rich, honey like flavor and is reddish amber in color. The eye remains green until the fig is almost ripe (unlike Brown Turkey)

The fruit is small to medium in size and purplish bronze to light brown in color. The flesh is bright pink, very sweet. Celeste is referred to as “sugar fig” on account of its sweetness. The outside skin is purplish-bronze to light brown and the flesh is rose-colored.

Celeste is known in the South as the "Sugar Fig". A Southern tradition, long-lived and hardy, Celeste's reputation comes from many generations of people that have grown this fig. The "eye" at the bottom of the fruit is small, keeping insects out.

Celeste figs have a compact growth pattern, usually reaching a mature height and spread of 7 to 10 feet (2-3 m). Excellent for container growing. They should not be pruned heavily, as this can reduce fruit production. They produce their main crop of fruit earlier than most other fig varieties, usually in early summer.

Scott Head grows more than 20 fig varieties, here is his video about Celeste:



Where to buy:

https://wellspringgardens.com/collections/figs/products/celeste-fig

References:

https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg214
https://www.pepesplants.com/fig-trees.html
What Is A Celeste Fig: Learn About Celeste Fig Tree Care https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/edible/fruits/figs/celeste-fig-tree-care.htm
https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/ficus-carica-celeste/
https://www.gurneys.com/product/fig-celeste
https://ediblelandscaping.com/products/shrubs/Figs/CelesteFig.php
https://www.figdatabase.com/variety-details/89/celeste