Yaupon Tea - America's Original Native Caffenated 'Tea' Plant

Ilex vomitoria, commonly known as yaupon or yaupon holly, is a species of holly that is native to southeastern North America.

The word yaupon was derived from its Catawban name, yopún, which is a diminutive form of the word yop, meaning "tree". The Latin name "vomitoria" comes from an incorrect belief by Europeans that the plant caused vomiting in certain ceremonies.

The plant was traditionally used by Native Americans to make an infusion containing caffeine. It and another plant in the Rubiaceae family, Galium aparine, are the only known plants indigenous to North America that produce caffeine. The plant is also widely used for landscaping in its native range.

You can buy the tea and the plants from Yaupon Brothers American Tea Co. in New Smyrna Beach, Florida, USA: https://www.yauponbrothers.com

Yaupon Brothers offer an Yaupon cultivar called "Schilling's Dwarf." Living up to its name, it grows to 4 feet tall, and 4 feet wide. Trimmings can be used to to make your own yaupon tea. All Schillings Yaupon trees offered by Yaupon Brothers are male, meaning that they do not develop berries. They do have cheery flowers in the spring which attract a wide range of pollinators.

These little Yaupon trees will thrive anywhere in the southeast USA. They are hardy to USDA zone 7, and tolerate temperatures down to 10 F for short time periods.

Schilling's dwarf holly grows in sun or light shade in soils from dry to wet, withstands drought when established and is highly salt-tolerant, making it suited to seaside plantings. Schilling's dwarf is a selection of the native yaupon holly, which grows naturally without irrigation on the dunes along the Atlantic Ocean. Growth rate is slow to moderate. Plant 4-5 feet apart for mass planting. Be sure to set plants several feet back from a walk, driveway or lawn area, because plants grow wider than tall and often require pruning to control their lateral growth. Be sure to leave the bottom of the plant much wider than the top so that lower foliage is left on the plant. If you attempt to shear vertically, the lower branches will be shaded and often lose foliage. This will give the shrub an unsightly, dark, leafless bottom.

Schilling's dwarf trees are shipped from Plant Click, from Raleigh, NC.

https://www.yauponbrothers.com/collections/shop-now/products/live-yaupon-tree-1-gal

They have an active YouTube channel:

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC1hGFk-WriknjdCK0iqF0MQ/videos?

From Rob Greenfield:



References:

https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2015/08/04/429071993/heres-the-buzz-on-americas-forgotten-native-tea-plant
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ilex_vomitoria
https://www.yauponbrothers.com/pages/about-yaupon-turbo
https://marblebotanics.com/blog/2018/10/7/make-your-own-yaupon
https://marblebotanics.com/blog/2018/7/19/yaupon-intro
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_drink

LSU Champagne Fig Tree

LSU Champagne Fig is a hybrid releases from the Louisiana State University (LSU) agricultural program. It is a cross between 'Celeste' (female) and C1 (male) which is a Capri fig from California.

LSU Champagne produces small fruit with yellow to green skin and golden flesh. It's a green fig, just like Ischia, Kadota, etc.

Champagne has a slightly rounded end that tapers towards the stem and a short neck. The eye is partially closed on mature fruit.

Where to buy: https://www.gurneys.com/product/fig-champagne-fig

LSU fig breeding program has been very productive over the years, since 1950's. “Figs are fun to grow and collect. You can grow them in 5-gallon or 10-gallon pots and put many different varieties in a backyard.” The LSU AgCenter revived O’Rourke’s research in 1990 and began releasing new varieties. “Since then, we’ve released LSU Purple, LSU Gold, Tiger, Champagne and O’Rourke, which we named after Ed,” Johnson said. Read more here: https://www.lsuagcenter.com/portals/communications/news/news_archive/2015/june/headline_news/figs-remain-popular-louisiana-fruit

References:

https://www.figdatabase.com/variety-details/660/lsu-champagne
PDF article

Wampee (Clausena lansium) fruit tree

Clausena lansium, known as wampee or wampi, from the Chinese word for yellow skinned fruit. It is a species of strongly scented evergreen trees 3–8 m tall, in the family Rutaceae, native to southeast Asia.

Its leaves are smooth and dark green. White flowers appear in late March. The fruit is oval, about 3 cm long and 2 cm in diameter, and contains two to five seeds that occupy ~40-50% of the fruit volume. The tree reaches a maximum height of 20 meters. It grows well in tropical or subtropical conditions, and is susceptible to cold. Wampee trees grow well in a wide range of soils.

The wampee is cultivated for its fruit, which is a grape sized, fragrant citrus. Its skin and seeds are often eaten along side the pulp, much like kumquat. Apparently, wampees grow quickly and produce from their first year.

Let's hope citrus greening disease does not affect wampee in South Florida.

Where to buy: https://www.ebay.com/itm/303115536225

References:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clausena_lansium
https://urbantropicals.com/product-category/fruit-trees/
https://www.fairchildgarden.org/Portals/0/docs/CTPC/Javier/OCASSIONAL_PAPERS/Occasional_Paper_No_19.pdf

Red jaboticaba (Plinia cauliflora x aureana) is called "Precocious" because it can fruit in 3-4 years

Red jaboticaba, Plinia cauliflora x aureana, fruit tree is a seedling hybrid, also called Precocious Jaboticaba. This makes for a very fast fruiting plant. Can fruit in 3-4 years, as opposed to 6-8 years for regular jaboticaba. Great tasting and dwarfing habit.

Where to buy: https://www.ebay.com/itm/302476125938

Plinia cauliflora, the Brazilian grapetree,jaboticaba, is a fruit tree in the family Myrtaceae, native to Minas Gerais, Goiás and São Paulo states in Brazil. The tree is known for its white-pulped fruits which grow directly on the trunk.

References:

PDF
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jabuticaba
https://www.pepesplants.com/jaboticaba.html 

Dwarf Puerto Rican Plantain

Dwarf Puerto Rican Plantain is a dwarf mutant plantain. The majority of plantains grow tall, but not this one. Resistant to Panama Disease.

Where to buy:

https://wellspringgardens.com/collections/bananas/products/dwarf-puerto-rican-plantain-musa

References:

http://www.bananas.org/wiki/Musa_Dwarf_Puerto_Rican

Musa FHIA-3 Sweetheart Banana


The FHIA is a federal organization of the Honduras Government that has been breeding bananas for decades, hence the name of this cultivar: Musa FHIA-3 Sweetheart banana.

The first widely available cultivar by FHIA was  Musa hybrid FHIA-1 'Goldfinger'. Musa hybrid FHIA-3 'Sweetheart' was bred and selected for increased disease resistance and yield vs FHIA-1.

It has an excellent flavor and good size which make it attractive to the home gardener. It has also been described as similar as 'Goldfinger' or 'Orinoco'.

It is very tolerant of sub-standard growing conditions, especially poor quality soils. The fruit ripen very quickly after picking so they should be left on the stalk until almost needed. Just harvest one hand at a time. It has a reputation for drought and wind resistance.

Where to buy:

https://wellspringgardens.com/products/sweetheart-banana

References:

http://www.bananas.org/wiki/Musa_FHIA-3_Sweetheart

Kadota (Florentine) Fig

This is a very old variety, described in later 1880's, how about that?

It's a green fig, just like Ischia, LSU Champagne, etc.

Kadota (Florentine) cultivar produces a medium-large, yellow fruit with an open ostiole that is partially sealed with a honey-like substance.

Fruit quality declines with extremely wet weather.

Although Kadota figs can be eaten fresh, they are better suited for canning and preserves. Fruit ripen in July, same as Celeste fig.

Where to buy:

https://wellspringgardens.com/collections/figs/products/kadota-fig

References:

https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg214
https://www.tytyga.com/Kadota-Fig-p/frufig-kadota.htm
https://ucanr.edu/blogs/blogcore/postdetail.cfm?postnum=25443
https://www.figdatabase.com/variety-details/212/kadota