Waialua chili pepper (sweet-hot) from Hawaii

Waialua chili pepper is a Jalapeno shaped, weighing about 26g. Matures in about 75-80 days. Pepper is resistant to Bacterial Wilt and is tolerant to root knot nematodes. Fruits mature to a beautiful red color and is sweeter flavored than Jalepeno. Fruits are about 1.5 to 2 inches in length. Available from University of Hawaii: http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/seed/seeds.asp#pepper

This heirloom is a cone shaped Capsicum annuum pepper, similar in size to jalapeno but a bit bigger and more pointy (less rounded) than a jalapeno. Its flavor when ripe and red is superior to jalapeno. It produces better than jalapeno in very humid climates, or in soils with nematodes, due to better adaptation and more disease resistance. Portugal is believed to be where Hawaiian sweet-hot originates from.

‘Kaala’, a bell-type pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) and ‘Waialua’, a jalape├▒o type pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) were released around 1996 by the College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources. The cultivars were developed for those areas in Hawaii and in the subtropics that have limited pepper production because of bacterial wilt (Pseudomonus solanacearium E. F. Sm.) disease.

Origin

‘Kaala’ and ‘Waialua’ were the result of a cross between ‘Chabai Merah’ and ‘Keystone Resistant Giant’. ‘Chabai Merah’ is a standard cayenne-type pepper grown in western Malaysia and is highly resistant to bacterial wilt
and to root-knot nematode [Meloidogne incognita (Kofoid & White) Chitwood]; it is a very pungent fruit that averages 7.5 to 10 cm in length and 2 cm in diameter. ‘Keystone Resistant Giant’ is a bell- or sweet-type pepper.
The objectives of the cross were to obtain bell and pungent types resistant to bacterial wilt disease and root-knot nematode. ‘Kaala’ and ‘Waialua’ are the result of 15 years of continuous selection in bacterial wilt infested
test plots.

References:

http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/seed/seeds.asp#pepper

'Kaala' and 'Waialua' Peppers - HortScience
http://hortsci.ashspublications.org/content/31/6/1054.full.pdf

Chili pepper 'Hawaiian sweet-hot' Plant Care & Growing Information | folia http://bit.ly/1CbBodv

Hawai╩╗i Public Seed Initiative | Presentations | A program of The Kohala Center http://bit.ly/1CbEeiO

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